NU115 Biological Sciences I NUIG Assignment Sample Ireland
In biological sciences, one of the most important concepts to understand is evolution. Evolution is the process by which organisms change over time in response to their environment. This can mean changes to the organism’s genes, or simply its physical appearance.
One of the primary ways that evolution occurs is through natural selection. Natural selection is the process by which individuals with certain traits are more likely to survive and reproduce than those without those traits. This leads to changes in the population over time as those individuals with advantageous traits become more common.
Evolutionary biology is the study of how evolution happens, both at the genetic and phenotypic levels. It can be used to explain everything from why some animals are predators and others are prey, to how antibiotic resistance develops in bacteria.
Evolution is a widely accepted scientific theory and has been confirmed by countless pieces of evidence. However, it is still controversial in some circles, largely because it contradicts religious beliefs about the origins of life. Despite this, evolutionary biology remains one of the most important fields of study in biology.
Get NUIG Solved Assignment samples For the NU115 Biological Sciences I Course
In this course, there are many types of assignments given to students like individual assignments, group-based assignments, reports, case studies, final year projects, skills demonstrations, learner records, and other solutions given by us. We also provide Group Project Presentations for Irish students.
In this section, we are describing some tasks. These are
Assignment Task 1: Define anatomy and physiology and describe the relationship between the two.
Anatomy is the study of the structure of living things, while physiology is the study of how those structures function. In other words, anatomy is the study of what something looks like, while physiology is the study of what that thing does.
The two are obviously closely related – after all, you can’t really understand how something works until you know what it’s made up of. But they’re not quite the same thing. For example, you might know all about the different muscles in your body, but that doesn’t mean you understand how they work together to move your arm – that would be physiology. Similarly, you might know all about the different types of cells in your body, but that doesn’t mean you understand how they interact to keep you alive – that would be anatomy.
Assignment Task 2: Correctly use basic anatomical terms to describe the relative positions of body parts, planes, and sections of the body.
There are three main ways to describe the relative positions of body parts: planes, sections, and body parts.
A plane is a flat surface that divides the body into two equal halves. There are three main planes: the sagittal plane, which runs from front to back; the frontal plane, which runs from side to side; and the transverse plane, which runs from top to bottom.
A section is a cut through the body that reveals its internal structure. There are four main sections: the axial section, which cuts through the center of the body; the sagittal section, which cuts through the middle of the back; the frontal section, which cuts through the middle of the chest; and the transverse section, which cuts through the middle of the abdomen.
The body parts are the parts that make up the body. There are four main body parts: the head, the trunk, the upper extremities, and the lower extremities.
Assignment Task 3: Understand the different levels of structural organization that make up the human body.
There are four levels of structural organization in the human body: macromolecules, organelles, tissues, and organs.
- Macromolecules are made up of smaller molecules called monomers. The most common macromolecules in the body are proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. Proteins are composed of smaller amino acids, lipids are composed of fatty acids and glycerol, and nucleic acids are composed of nucleotides.
- Organelles are microscopic structures within cells that perform specific functions. Examples include the nucleus, mitochondria, and endoplasmic reticulum.
- Tissues are groups of cells with a common function. examples include muscle tissue, nerve tissue, and epidermal tissue.
- Organs are composed of different tissues that work together to perform a specific function. examples include the heart, liver, and lungs.
Assignment Task 4: Understand basic chemistry and biochemistry and their relevance to the study of anatomy and physiology.
Basic chemistry is the study of the properties of atoms and molecules. Biochemistry is the study of the chemical reactions that occur in living things.
Both basic chemistry and biochemistry are important to the study of anatomy and physiology. Basic chemistry helps us understand the structure of atoms and molecules, while biochemistry helps us understand how those atoms and molecules interact to form living things.
Basic chemistry is also important for understanding the properties of drugs and other chemicals. Biochemistry is important for understanding the biochemical reactions that occur in the body, and how those reactions are affected by drugs and other chemicals.
Assignment Task 5: Describe the cell and its functions.
Cells are the basic structural and functional unit of life. Every living thing is made up of cells, from the smallest bacterium to the largest animal. Cells come in all shapes and sizes, but they all have some common properties.
Cells contain a nucleus, which houses the cell’s genetic information in the form of DNA. The DNA is packaged into chromosomes, which condense when the cell is preparing to divide. Chromosomes also contain regulatory genes that control cellular activities.
Cells also have a cytoplasm, which contains organelles such as mitochondria, ribosomes, and lysosomes. The cytoplasm also contains proteins and other molecules that carry out cellular functions.
The cell membrane is a thin, flexible barrier that surrounds the cell and controls what enters and leaves the cell. The cell membrane is made up of lipids, proteins, and carbohydrates.
Cells also have a cell wall, which provides support and protection for the cell. The cell wall is made up of cellulose and other structural molecules.
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Assignment Task 6: Explain homeostasis and its importance to body functions.
Homeostasis is the process by which the body maintains a stable internal environment. This is important because a stable internal environment is necessary for cells to function properly.
The body’s various systems work together to maintain homeostasis. For example, when the temperature of the body exceeds or falls below normal, thermoregulatory mechanisms kick in to correct it. Or when blood sugar levels get too high or too low, the body releases insulin and glucagon to bring them back to normal.
Maintaining homeostasis is essential for overall health and well-being. When things go out of balance, it can lead to illness and disease. So it’s important to do everything we can to keep our bodies in balance, including eating healthy foods, exercising, and getting enough sleep.
Assignment Task 7: Describe and explain the anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular system.
The cardiovascular system is the system of organs that circulates blood throughout the body. The heart is the central organ of the cardiovascular system, and it pumps blood through a network of arteries and veins.
The cardiovascular system plays a crucial role in delivering oxygen and nutrients to cells and removing waste products from them. It also helps regulate body temperature and pH levels.
The anatomy of the cardiovascular system includes the heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries. The physiology of the cardiovascular system includes the cardiac cycle, blood pressure, and blood flow.
The heart is a muscular organ that pumps blood through the arteries and veins. The cardiac cycle is the sequence of events that occurs as the heart contracts and relaxes. Blood pressure is the force of blood against the walls of arteries and veins, and it is regulated by the amount of blood flowing through them. Blood flow is the movement of blood through the cardiovascular system.
Assignment Task 8: Describe and explain the anatomy and physiology of the respiratory system.
The respiratory system is responsible for taking in oxygen and expelling carbon dioxide. The main organs of the respiratory system are the lungs, which are where gas exchange takes place. The respiratory system also includes the nose, throat, and trachea, which filter warm air before it enters the lungs.
Gas exchange occurs when blood flow brings carbon dioxide to the alveoli (air sacs) in the lungs. The alveoli are lined with a thin layer of cells that allow oxygen and carbon dioxide to pass through them. Oxygen diffuses across this cell membrane into the bloodstream, while carbon dioxide diffuses out of the bloodstream and into the alveoli. This process is known as diffusion.
The respiratory system is also responsible for regulating body temperature. When the body becomes too hot, the respiratory system helps expel heat by causing panting and sweating.
Assignment Task 9: Apply this learning when carrying out fundamental nursing skills, for example, recording and interpreting blood pressure.
When recording and interpreting blood pressure, it is important to first understand how the readings are taken. The measurement is done by using a stethoscope to listen to the sound of blood flow through the artery, which is then recorded as a number. The next step is to determine what range the number falls into in order to give an accurate interpretation.
Generally, a reading below 120/80 mmHg is considered normal, while anything above 140/90 mmHg is considered high. If you are unsure of what your numbers mean, it is always best to consult with a medical professional.
When taking a blood pressure reading, you should make sure to use the correct equipment and follow the correct procedure. You should also make sure to take multiple readings and average them together to get a more accurate reading.
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