CHEN20090 Biotechnology Principles Assignment Sample Ireland
Biotechnology is the application of scientific and engineering principles to the processing of materials by biological agents to provide products or services. Biotechnology includes the production and use of enzymes, antibiotics, hormones, and other bioactive molecules. It also includes plant breeding and the genetic manipulation of organisms.
There are a number of biotechnological applications that have been developed in recent years. Some examples include genetically modified crops, gene therapy, tissue engineering, and cloning. These technologies offer a number of potential benefits for humans, including increased food production, improved medical treatments, and reduced environmental impact.
One of the most promising applications of biotechnology is in the area of genetic engineering. Genetic engineering allows scientists to alter the DNA of organisms in order to change their characteristics. This can be used to create new strains of crops that are resistant to pests and diseases or to produce pharmaceuticals and other bioactive molecules.
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In this course, there are many types of assignments given to students like individual assignments, group-based assignments, reports, case studies, final year projects, skills demonstrations, learner records, and other solutions given by us. We also provide Group Project Presentations for Irish students.
In this section, we are describing some activities. These are:
Assignment Activity 1: To demonstrate an understanding of the major groups of macromolecules that constitute living cells and their structure.
There are four major groups of macromolecules that make up living cells and their structure: carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids.
Carbohydrates are molecules composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms. The simplest form of carbohydrate is a sugar molecule. Sugars are found in many foods such as fruits, honey, and candy. Carbohydrates are an important source of energy for the body.
Proteins are molecules composed of amino acids. Proteins play a variety of roles in the body such as providing structure to cells and tissues, serving as enzymes that catalyze biochemical reactions, and transporting molecules within cells. Protein is the most abundant molecule in the human body.
Lipids are molecules composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms. The simplest form of lipid is a triglyceride molecule. Triglycerides are found in foods such as vegetable oils, butter, and meat. Lipids are an important source of energy for the body.
Nucleic acids are molecules composed of DNA or RNA. DNA is the genetic material of cells and is responsible for the transmission of characteristics from one generation to the next. RNA is involved in the synthesis of proteins. Nucleic acids are essential for life.
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Assignment Activity 2: To describe the functions these molecules perform in cells.
Proteins are the workhorse molecules of cells. They are responsible for most of the tasks that need to be done in cells, including building and maintaining cell structures, catalyzing chemical reactions, and transporting materials around cells.
DNA is the genetic material of cells. It contains all the information needed to build proteins and direct their activities. RNA is a molecule similar to DNA that is used to carry out the instructions encoded in DNA. It is made in the process of transcription when DNA is read by enzymes and converted into RNA.
Enzymes are special proteins that catalyze chemical reactions inside cells. Without enzymes, many chemical reactions would take much longer or wouldn’t happen at all, so enzymes are essential for life.
Lipids are important for cell function because they are a source of energy. Triglycerides are the main form of stored energy in the body. They are broken down by enzymes to release their energy when needed.
Nucleic acids are essential for life because they contain the genetic information cells need to reproduce. DNA directs the synthesis of proteins, and RNA is involved in the process.
Assignment Activity 3: To understand how cellular information is stored, transcribed, and translated.
Cellular information is stored in the form of DNA, which is a long molecule that contains the instructions for building all the proteins a cell needs. To get the information out of DNA and put it into proteins, cells use a process called transcription. Transcription is like copying a text from one book to another – it takes the information from one place and puts it into another.
To do this, special enzymes bind to specific parts of the DNA molecule and “read” it. This reading process creates a temporary copy of the DNA sequence, which is called RNA (ribonucleic acid). RNA can then be used to build proteins by a process called translation. So transcription and translation are two steps in protein synthesis – they together convert the information in DNA into proteins.
Enzymes are essential for both transcription and translation to occur. Without enzymes, the process of protein synthesis would be very slow or wouldn’t happen at all.
There are many different types of enzymes, and each one is responsible for a specific task in the transcription or translation process. For example, there are enzymes that bind to DNA and read it, enzymes that make RNA from DNA, and enzymes that put the RNA sequence into proteins. Each type of enzyme is essential for protein synthesis to happen.
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Assignment Activity 4: To appreciate the various pathways underpinning cell metabolism.
It’s important to have a basic understanding of what metabolism is. Metabolism is the sum total of all chemical reactions that occur in a cell. These chemical reactions can be divided into two categories: catabolic and anabolic. Catabolic reactions break down complex molecules into smaller ones, while anabolic reactions build complex molecules from smaller ones.
The pathways that underpin metabolism are essential for converting the food we eat into energy that our cells can use. There are dozens of different pathways, and each one is responsible for catalyzing a specific set of chemical reactions. If any one of these pathways is disrupted, it can lead to problems with cell function and ultimately result in disease.
It’s important to appreciate the complexity of cell metabolism. The pathways that underpin it are essential for life, and if any one of them is disrupted, it can lead to serious health problems. However, with a basic understanding of these pathways, we can begin to understand how cells work and what goes wrong when they don’t function properly.
Assignment Activity 5: To describe the tools required to manipulate cells at the molecular level, i.e. recombinant DNA technology.
To manipulate cells at the molecular level, you need to use recombinant DNA technology. This involves using enzymes to cut and paste pieces of DNA together. By doing this, you can change the genes in a cell, which allows you to study the effects of different genes on the cell’s behavior.
In addition to recombinant DNA technology, you also need a microscope and some way of measuring the properties of the cells that you’re manipulating. This can be done using fluorescent dyes or other markers that attach to specific proteins in the cell membrane or nucleus.
With the right tools, you can study the effects of different genes on cell function and ultimately learn more about how cells work. Recombinant DNA technology is a powerful tool for manipulating cells, and with the right equipment, you can do some amazing things with it.
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